Previously included anatomical/morphological characters of Corythalia

MALES

Body: Habitusnormal jumping spider-like, MarkingsOpistosoma with dark or bright spots , basic coloring dark, integument constitutioncovered by clavate setae, Carapace: ColourationLaterally with light bands, Laterally without light bands, Heightrelative high, Lengthlonger than wide, Cephalic arearatio length : thoracic area = 1 : 1, basic colouring dark, basic colouring bright, Ocular areabasic coloring dark, Thoracic areabasic coloring dark, basic coloring bright, Thoracic foveashort, Clypeus: Ø AME - height Clypeus Ø AME : height Clypeus : > 2:1, Chelicera: Base furrow teeth number retromarginalunidentat, 2 teeth, Base furrow teeth number promarginalunidentat, pluridentat, 2 teeth, Base anterio-medio-distal lobe presencepresent, Base furrow teeth shape-size promarginalvery small, Base furrow teeth shape-size retromarginalvery small, Claw lengthshort, Eyes: Number eye rowsthree, AERdorsal edge recurve, PERequidistant between anterior and posterior margin of carapace, PER - AER widthPER < AER, AMEseparated of each other, touch each other, ALEseparated from AME, PMEsmall, < 1/3 as ALE, equidistant between ALE & PLE, PLEPLE = ALE, Labium: Lengthlonger than wide, Sternum: Length : width ratio< 2 : 1, Anterior borderwider than Labium, Shapeshield-shaped, Palp: GnathocoxaSerrula present, Corner present, Tibia - retrolateral tibial apophysis - characteristicsretrolateral process - RTA, dorsal serration distinct, dorsal serration indistinct but present, dorsal serration absent, base of RTA not or not distinctly wider than distal section, base of RTA distinctly wider than distal section (consider also retrolateral view), RTA in ventral view very slim, RTA in ventral view slim, RTA in ventral view medium-sized in width (between 3x longer than broad and 4.5x), RTA in ventral view stout (less than 3x longer than broad), RTA very long (longer than width of tegulum), RTA long, RTA medium-sized in length, RTA short (length between 0.3x and 0.5x the width of tegulum), RTA in retrolateral view more or less parallel with longitudinal axis of palp, RTA in retrolateral view with slight ventral orientation (less than 10° angle), RTA in retrolateral view with clear ventral orientation (at least 10° angle), RTA in retrolateral view without bent (or just indistinct bent), RTA in retrolateral view with bent (distal section at least with 70° bent from longitudinal axis of proximal section), Tibia - ventral bump - sizeabsent or at least not recognisable as such, very short and indistinct, short (between 0.5x and 0.8x the width of sperm duct), medium-sized (as long or about as long as width of sperm duct), long (at least 1.5x as long as width of sperm duct, sometimes extending beyond lateral margin of tibia in ventral view), Tibia - ventral bump - characteristicspresent, absent, inconspicuous, moderately conspicuous, conspicuous, very large (extending prolateral margin of tbia in ventral view), Cymbium: General shapeelongated, Scopula lengthmoderate or short (covering less than distal 1/2 of dorsal cymbium), Presence of prominent ridges or extensions ventrally present, absent, Tegulum: Widthtegulum narrower than cymbium, tegulum as broad as cymbium, tegulum broader than cymbium (even though minimally broader), General shapeelongated, Shape of proximal halfproximal tegulum lobe present, proximal tegulum lobe as such absent, proximal tegulum lobe absent, Proximal lobe - positionat retrolateral half of tegulum, still retrolaterally, but slightly shifted centrally, distinctly shifted centrally, Proximal lobe - size rel.relatively narrow, medium-sized, broad, Proximal lobe - shaperegularly rounded, prolaterally with very flat extension, Special structureswith (fine) transversal ridge (often at distal half at the area of the border between embolic division and tegulum), with flat triangular lobe directed distally, without special structures, Sperm duct - locationoccupying retrolateral half of tegulum or slightly more, occupying clearly more than retrolateral half and at most 3/4, occupying more than retrolateral 3/4 of tegulum, Sperm duct - shapedouble-stacked S-shaped, (very depressed), double-stacked S-shaped, with proximal loop larger than others, double-stacked S-shaped, with proximal and distal loop equal in size, double-stacked S-shaped, with proximal loop smaller than distal, shape not recognisable, as only parts of sperm duct visible through tegulum surface, Median hematodocha - presencepresent, Terminal hematodocha - presencepresent, Embolus: Base positioncentro-distally (or even retrolatero-distally), in prolateral half (or, depending on the size, prolateral 2/3, 3/4, etc.) of tegulum, but not reaching the prolateral margin; at distal section, in prolateral half (or, depending on the size, prolateral 2/3, 3/4, etc.) of tegulum, in line with (or even extending) the prolateral margin; at distal section, in prolateral half of tegulum, but not reaching prolateral margin, between central and distal section of tegulum, in prolateral half (or, depending on size, prolateral 2/3, 3/4, etc.) of tegulum but not reaching prolateral margin, at subdistal section (almost distally), Base circle sizeextremely small (width less than 1/4 the width of tegulum), very small (width between 1/4 and 1/3 the width of tegulum), small (width between 1/3 and 1/2 the width of tegulum), medium-sized, large (width between 2/3 and 3/4 the width of tegulum), very large, Base - special structuresSpecial structures at/ on embolus base absent (except for indistinct ridges or flat bulges that are often recognisable), with prolateral extension in form of an elongated bulge, with some thorn- or tooth-like extensions prolatero-distally (sometimes not distinctly extending but always recognisable as such), with longitudinal division (ridge) dividing embolus base in a basal and a prolatero-distal part (prolatero-distal part in retrolateral view distinctly protruding from distal part of tegulum), with longitudinal ridge (division) leaving a basal part prolaterally (but sometimes not clearly recognisable!), Arising point1 o´clock-position, 2 o´clock-position, 3 o´clock-position, 4 o´clock-position, 5 o´clock-position, 6 o´clock-position, 7 o´clock-position, 8 o´clock-position, 9 o´clock-position, 10 o´clock-position, 11 o´clock-position, 12 o´clock-position, Direction of distalmost sectiondistally to minimally prolatero-distally (not more than 10° angle from longitudinal axis of cymbium), prolatero-distally (with between 11° and 50° angle from longitudinal axis of cymbium), disto-prolaterally to prolaterally (with at least 51° angle from longitudinal axis of cymbium), width relation - at arising point - subdistallyat most 2x broader, from 2.1x to 2.5x broader, from 2.6x to 4x broader, from 4.1x to 7.5x broader, width relation - subdistally - centrallyat most 1/4 the width of central section, from > 1/4 to < 1/2 the width of central section, from > 1/2 to < 3/4 the width of central section, from > 3/4 to < 1x the width of central section, even > than the width of central section, Shapecircular curved, bent counterclockwise, General structurewith more than 3 longitudinal ridges, without or with 1-3 (at most) longitudinal ridges, very short, shorter than 1/3 width of tegulum, short, between 1/3 and 1/2 the width of tegulum, medium-sized, between 1/2 and 1x the width of tegulum, long, very long, more than 1.5x the width of tegulum, with less than 1/2 winding, with more than 1/2 winding but less than 3/4 winding, with more than 3/4 winding but less than 1 winding, with more than 1 1/2 windings , with distinct embolic lamella (longitudinally associated hyaline membrane (homologous to conductor?), over entire embolus length), without distinct embolic lamella over entire embolus length, with apophysis, without apophysis, in ventral view subdistally distinctly narrower than proximally, in ventral view subdistally not narrower or narrower, but not distinctly narrower than proximally (more than 1/7 as broad, narrow (centrally between 1/4 and 1/3 the width of sperm duct), narrow to medium-sized and hose shaped, quite broad and hose-shaped, massive (centrally almost as broad or broader than width of sperm duct), filiform (very narrow: centrally with less than 1/4 the width of sperm duct), differently shaped (not hose-shaped, not filiform, not massive) (e.g. irregular shape or...) , elongated lobe-like, Special structuredistally regularly bifurcated, distally irregularly bifurcated, subdistally broadened, S-shaped, sickle-shaped, distally prolaterally with very fine candle-flame-like protrusion, distally pointed, distally distinctly bent retrolaterally, distally rounded, distally truncated, tip bent proximo-ventrally, tip bent retrolaterally (tip may be very fine and light), without apohysis (apophyses), with one apohysis, with two apohysis, with more than two apohyses, with membranous lamella subdistally or distally, Legs: Leg formula1-2-3-4, 1-3-4-2, 3-4-1-2, 3-4-2-1, 4-3-1-2, 4-3-2-1, Tarsal ClawsI: present, II: present, III: present, IV: present, Peculiaritieswith fringe hairs on tibiae and metatarsi of leg III (and legs I-II; but there maybe less distinct), Colourationmoderately dark or light (red-)brown with many lighter annulations, dark red-brown or brown with several lighter annulations, mainly at proximal articles and tarsi, but also at distal sections of tibiae and/or metatarsi, dark red-brown or brown with few lighter annulations, mainly at proximal articles and tarsi, completely or mainly with dark colour (e.g. dark red-brown) ((hardly with lighter sections, e.g. only tarsi lighter), Opisthosoma: Colourationthree bands; AM broadest; C second broadest, with dark chevron; PM narrowest, three bands; AM broadest; C second broadest (but only slightly narrower than AM), without dark chevron; PM narrowest, three bands; AM broadest; AM & C narrower (C < 1/6 OL), with light small stacked chevrons betw. C & PM , three bands; AM broadest; AM & C narrower (C < 1/6 OL), without light small stacked chevrons betw. C & PM, three bands; AM broadest; C & PM longitudinally connected by large and broad light patch, three bands; C & PM medially interrupted or at least less distinct; C broadest, but still narrow (< 1/6 OL), without d. chevron; PM very narrow, but still slightly broader than AM, hence, O with large dark field occupying large part of anterior half of O, two bands (AM missing or at most minimally indicated); C < 1/6 OL, but anyway slightly broader than PM and with dark chevron in centre; in the section between C and PM with several light, stacked chevrons, Spination pattern: Femur I 1-3-0-0, 1-4-0-0, 1-5-0-0, 1-6-0-0, Femur II1-4-0-0, 1-5-0-0, 1-6-0-0, 1-7-0-0, Femur III1-4-0-0, 1-5-0-0, 1-6-0-0, 2-5-0-0, 2-6-0-0, 2-7-0-0, 3-5-0-0, Femur IV0-5-0-0, 0-6-0-0, 1-4-0-0, 1-5-0-0, 1-6-0-0, 2-6-0-0, Patella I1-0-0-0, Patella II1-0-0-0, 1-0-1-0, Patella III1-0-0-0, 1-0-1-0, Patella IV1-0-0-0, 1-0-1-0, Tibia I2-0-0-1, 2-0-0-2, 2-0-0-3, 2-0-0-4, 2-0-0-5, 2-0-1-3, 2-0-1-4, 2-0-1-5, 2-0-2-5, 2-0-2-6, 2-4-0-0, 3-0-0-3, 3-0-0-4, 3-0-0-5, 3-0-1-2, 3-0-1-5, 3-0-1-3, 3-0-2-4, 3-0-2-5, 3-1-2-4, 4-0-0-4, 4-0-1-4, Tibia II2-0-0-1, 2-0-0-4, 2-0-0-5, 2-0-1-3, 2-0-1-4, 2-0-1-5, 2-0-2-4, 2-4-0-0, 3-0-0-2, 3-0-0-3, 3-0-0-4, 3-0-0-5, 3-0-0-6, 3-0-1-3, 3-0-1-4, 3-0-1-5, 3-0-1-6, 3-0-2-4, 3-0-2-5, 3-1-0-0, 3-1-2-3, 4-0-3-5, Tibia III2-1-2-3, 2-1-3-3, 3-0-3-3, 3-0-3-4, 3-1-2-3, 3-1-3-3, 3-1-3-4, Tibia IV2-0-1-4, 2-1-2-3, 2-1-3-3, 3-0-3-4, 3-1-3-3, 3-1-3-4, 3-1-4-3, Metatarsus I2-0-0-4, 2-0-0-5, 2-0-1-4, 2-0-2-4, 3-1-2-4, Metatarsus II2-0-0-4, 2-0-1-3, 2-0-1-4, 2-0-2-4, 2-1-2-4, 2-1-2-5, 3-1-2-4, Metatarsus III2-0-1-4, 3-0-3-4, 3-1-3-3, 3-1-3-4, 4-1-3-4, 4 spine rows, Metatarsus IV3-1-3-4, 3-1-4-4, 4-0-4-4, 4-1-3-4, 4-1-4-3, 4-1-4-4, 4-1-4-5, 4-2-3-4, 5-1-4-4, 3 Spine rows, 4 Spine rows, Ecology: Geographical DistributionSouth America, North America,

FEMALES

Body: Habitusnormal jumping spider-like, MarkingsOpistosoma with dark or bright spots , basic coloring dark, integument constitutioncovered by clavate setae, Carapace: ColourationLaterally with light bands, Laterally without light bands, Heightrelative high, Lengthlonger than wide, Cephalic arearatio length : thoracic area = 1 : 1, basic colouring dark, basic colouring bright, Ocular areabasic coloring dark, Thoracic areabasic coloring dark, basic coloring bright, Thoracic foveashort, Clypeus: Ø AME - height Clypeus Ø AME : height Clypeus : > 2:1, Chelicera: Base furrow teeth number retromarginalunidentat, Base furrow teeth number promarginalunidentat, pluridentat, 2 teeth, Base anterio-medio-distal lobe presencepresent, Base furrow teeth shape-size promarginalvery small, Base furrow teeth shape-size retromarginalvery small, Claw lengthshort, Eyes: Number eye rowsthree, AERdorsal edge recurve, PERequidistant between anterior and posterior margin of carapace, PER - AER widthPER < AER, AMEseparated of each other, touch each other, ALEseparated from AME, PMEsmall, < 1/3 as ALE, equidistant between ALE & PLE, PLEPLE = ALE, Labium: Lengthlonger than wide, Sternum: Length : width ratio< 2 : 1, Anterior borderwider than Labium, Shapeshield-shaped, Palp: GnathocoxaSerrula present, Corner present, Corner absent, Legs: Leg formula3-4-1-2, 3-4-2-1, 4-3-1-2, 4-3-2-1, Tarsal ClawsI: present, II: present, III: present, IV: present, Peculiaritieswithout peculiarities, with fringe hairs on tibiae and metatarsi of leg III (and legs I-II; but there maybe less distinct), Colourationmoderately dark or light (red-)brown with many lighter annulations, dark red-brown or brown with several lighter annulations, mainly at proximal articles and tarsi, but also at distal sections of tibiae and/or metatarsi, dark red-brown or brown with few lighter annulations, mainly at proximal articles and tarsi, completely or mainly with dark colour (e.g. dark red-brown) ((hardly with lighter sections, e.g. only tarsi lighter), Opisthosoma: Colourationthree bands; AM broadest; C second broadest, with dark chevron; PM narrowest, three bands; AM broadest; C second broadest (but only slightly narrower than AM), without dark chevron; PM narrowest, three bands; AM broadest; AM & C narrower (C < 1/6 OL), without light small stacked chevrons betw. C & PM, three bands; AM broadest; C & PM longitudinally connected by large and broad light patch, three bands; C broadest, with d. chevron; PM very narrow, but 2nd broadest; AM even narrower than PM and only at anterior margin of O, leaving a large dark field occupying almost complete anterior half of O, three bands; C & PM medially interrupted or at least less distinct; C broadest, but still narrow (< 1/6 OL), without d. chevron; PM very narrow, but still slightly broader than AM, hence, O with large dark field occupying large part of anterior half of O, two bands (AM missing or at most minimally indicated); C < 1/6 OL, but anyway slightly broader than PM and with dark chevron in centre; in the section between C and PM with several light, stacked chevrons, Epigyne: Field - presencepresent, absent, Field - width(slightly) longer than broad, broader than long, clearly broader than long, Window - presencepresent, absent, instead other structures appear, e.g. more or less helical structures, Window - shape(approximately) round (length / width < 1.1), oval, with transversal division (part of this devision might be indicated by colour difference or fine gradation), without transversal division, anterior 1/3 of epigynal window broader than posterior 1/3, anterior 1/3 of epigynal window narrower than posterior 1/3, anterior 1/3 of epigynal window more or less as broad as posterior 1/3, Windows - septum - statecontinuous, uncontinuous, very narrow, narrow (> 1/8, < 1/6 the width of epigynal window), medium-sized (> 1/6, < 1/3 the width of epigynal window), broad (> 1/3, < 2/3 the width of epigynal window), very broad (> 2/3 the width of epigynal window), separating more than only the posterior sections of epigynal windows, at anteriormost section rather converging than diverging, at anteriormost section clearly diverging, Window - posterior margin - distance to EpGF very short (< 1/10 the length of epigynal window), short, medium-sized (> 1/3 the length of epigynal window; < 1/2), long (> 1/2 the length of epigynal window; < 1), very long (at least as long as epigynal window), Window - posterior margin - positionnot reaching the epigastric furrow, reaching (or almost reaching or minimally extending) the epigastric furrow, distinctly extending beyond epigastric furrow, Window - lateral margin - conditioncontinuous, with gap (might be very conspicuous!), Window - anterior margin - conditionmargins of both epigynal windows anterio-medially regularly connected, margins of both epigynal windows anterio-medially not connected, Window - posterior half - shaperegularly rounded, medially with relatively steep and long increase (medio-)anteriorly, leaving a distinctly large, approximately triangular field between them and the epigastric furrow, Copulatory opening - locationlocated in anterior half of epigyne, located centrally or more or less centrally in epigyne, located in posterior half of epigyne, Vulva: blind sac - lengthat least 3x longer than broad, less than 3x longer than broad, blind sac absent, fertilization duct - arising pointcentro-anteriorly, medio-anteriorly, medially, anterio-medially, centro-subanteriorly, fertilization duct - widthinitial section of fertilisation duct narrow, initial section of fertilisation duct medium-sized (not narrower or at most 3/4 as narrow as connective duct), initial section of fertilisation duct comparatively broad ([slightly] broader than connective duct), primary spermatheca - shaperound, slightly elongated, anteriorly converging (drop-shaped), elongated sac-like, transversal oval, diagonal oval, primary spermatheca - size rel.small (diameter of primary spermatheca less than 1/2 the length of epigynal window), medium-sized (diameter of primary spermatheca more than 1/2 the length of epigynal window, but less than 2/3), large (diameter of primary spermatheca more than 2/3 the length of epigynal window, but less than 3/4), very large (diameter of primary spermatheca more than 3/4 the length of epigynal window), no statement possible, as primary spermatheca is not visible through epigynal cuticle or epigynal window(s) is/are absent, primary spermatheca - position(all parts) clearly anterior of secondary spermatheca (in dorsal view with gap between the two), anteriorly in line with secondary spermatheca (may reaching further posteriorly than secondary spermatheca), (all parts) clearly posterior of secondary spermatheca (in dorsal view with [clearly recognisable] gap between the two), (main parts) posterior of secondary spermatheca (in dorsal view without gap between the two; may touching each other), no statement possible (e.g. because secondary spermatheca missing), secondary spermatheca - presencepresent, absent (at least not recognisable as such; spermathecal heads may be located on a slightly widened section of the copulatory duct), secondary spermatheca - shape(approximately) round, kidney-shaped, "volumnious crescent"-shaped, drop-shaped, longitudinally oval, transversally oval, different, secondary spermatheca - visibilityvisible through cuticle of the epigyne, secondary spermatheca - size rel. very small (ratio "diameter primary spermatheca / diameter secondary spermatheca" > 2.5), small (ratio "diameter primary spermatheca / diameter secondary spermatheca" < 2.5 but > 1.5), medium-sized, with the same size (at least approximately) as primary spermatheca, larger than primary spermatheca, secondary spermatheca - spanspan over both secondary spermathecae longer than span over both primary spermathecae, span over both secondary spermathecae as long as span over both primary spermathecae, span over both secondary spermathecae shorter than span over both primary spermathecae, no statement possible as secondary spermathecae absent, secondary spermatheca - orientationdiagonal (latero-anteriorly; with spermathecal head orientated antereo-laterally), diagonal (latero-anteriorly; with spermathecal head orientated latero-posteriorly), diagonal (medio-anteriorly; with spermathecal head orientated posteriorly), longitudinal (posterio-anteriorly; with spermathecal head orientated posteriorly), longitudinal (posterio-anteriorly; with spermathecal head orientated latero-posteriorly), transversally (medio-laterally; with spermathecal head orientated latero-posteriorly), transversally (medio-laterally; with spermathecal head orientated medio-posteriorly), being round and thus orientation not recognisable; with spermathecal head orientated laterally), being round and thus orientation not recognisable; with spermathecal head orientated posteriorly), being round and thus orientation not recognisable; with spermathecal head orientated ventro-laterally), no statement possible as secondary spermathecae are absent, connective duct - initial positionposterio-medially, anterio-medially, centro-medially, ventro-medially, dorso-medially, (ventro)-anterio-laterally, ventro-anteriorly, centro-anteriorly, no statement possible, as secondary spermathecae absent, connective duct - widthvery narrow, narrow (width of secondary spermatheca / width of connective duct < 4, but > 3), medium-sized (width of secondary spermatheca / width of connective duct < 3, but > 2.5), broad (width of secondary spermatheca / width of connective duct < 2.5, but > 2), very broad (width of secondary spermatheca / width of connective duct < 2), no statement possible, as secondary spermathecae and connective duct absent, connective duct - final positionmedially, posterio-medially, anterio-medially, ventro-medially, posterio-ventrally, connective duct - shapestraight (or at least approximately straight) longitudinally, straight (or at least approximately straight) diagonally converging, mainly straight longitudinally, but initially curved, mainly straight (or at least approximately straight) longitudinally, but at initial half with 180° (re-)curve medially, slightly curved and converging, slightly curved and strongly diagonally converging, convoluted (with at least 5 curves), connective duct - length rel.short, medium-sized (length of connective duct / width of primary spermatheca > or equal 1.25, but < 1.5), long (length of connective duct / width of primary spermatheca > or equal 1.5, but < 2), very long (length of connective duct / width of primary spermatheca > or equal 2), head of spermatheca - shapevery flat (length < or equal 1/2 x width), flat, round (or at least spherical) (length > or equal 1 x width, but < 1.25x), elongated (length > or equal 1.25x the width, but < 1.75x), no statement possible, because heads of spermathecae absent, head of spermatheca - orientationstraight posterior, latero-posteriorly, posterio-laterally, latero-ventrally, anterio-laterally, latero-anteriorly, Spination pattern: Femur I1-2-0-0, 1-3-0-0, 1-4-0-0, 1-5-0-0, 1-6-0-0, 1-7-0-0, Femur II1-3-0-0, 1-4-0-0, 1-5-0-0, 1-6-0-0, 1-7-0-0, Femur III1-4-0-0, 1-5-0-0, 1-6-0-0, 2-6-0-0, Femur IV0-4-0-0, 0-5-0-0, 0-6-0-0, 0-9-0-0, 1-5-0-0, 1-6-0-0, Patella I1-0-0-0, Patella II1-0-0-0, 1-0-1-0, Patella III1-0-0-0, 1-0-1-0, Patella IV0-0-0-0, 1-0-1-0, 0-0-1-0, Tibia I1-0-0-3, 2-0-0-2, 2-0-0-3, 2-0-0-4, 2-0-0-5, 2-0-1-4, 2-0-1-5, 2-5-0-0, 3-0-0-3, 3-0-0-4, 3-0-0-5, 3-0-0-8, 3-0-1-4, 3-0-1-5, 3-0-2-5, Tibia II1-0-0-3, 1-0-0-2, 2-0-0-2, 2-0-0-3, 2-0-0-4, 2-0-0-5, 2-0-1-3, 2-0-1-4, 2-4-0-0, 3-0-0-3, 3-0-0-4, 3-0-0-5, 3-0-1-3, 3-0-1-4, 3-0-1-5, 3-0-2-4, 3-0-2-5, Tibia III1-0-2-3, 1-1-2-3, 2-0-1-4, 2-0-2-3, 2-0-3-3, 2-1-2-3, 2-1-3-3, 3-0-3-3, 3-1-2-3, 3-1-3-3, Tibia IV0-0-2-3, 1-0-2-2, 1-0-2-3, 1-0-3-3, 2-0-2-3, 2-0-3-3, 2-1-2-3, 2-1-2-4, 2-1-3-3, 3-0-3-3, 3-1-2-3, 3-1-3-3, Metatarsus I2-0-0-3, 2-0-0-4, 2-0-1-4, 2-0-2-4, 2-0-2-8, 2-1-2-4, 3-0-2-4, Metatarsus II1-0-2-3, 2-0-0-4, 2-0-1-4, 2-0-2-4, 3-0-1-4, Metatarsus III3-0-3-3, 3-0-3-4, 3-0-4-4, 3-1-3-3, 3-1-3-4, 3-1-4-4, 4-1-3-4, 3 spine rows, 4 spine rows, Metatarsus IV3-0-4-4, 3-1-2-4, 3-1-3-4, 3-1-4-4, 3-2-3-4, 4-0-3-3, 4-0-4-4, 4-1-3-2, 4-1-3-3, 4-1-3-4, 4-1-4-3, 4-1-4-4, 4-2-4-4, 5-0-5-4, 3 Spine rows, 4 Spine rows, Ecology: Geographical DistributionSouth America, North America,