Corythalia tropica (♂) (MELLO-LEITÃO, 1939)


Body: Habitusnormal jumping spider-like. MarkingsOpistosoma with dark or bright spots . basic coloring dark. integument constitutioncovered by clavate setae. Carapace: ColourationLaterally with light bands. Heightrelative high. Lengthlonger than wide. Cephalic arearatio length : thoracic area = 1 : 1. Thoracic foveashort. Clypeus: Ø AME - height Clypeus Ø AME : height Clypeus : > 2:1. Chelicera: Base furrow teeth number retromarginalunidentat. Base furrow teeth number promarginalunidentat. Base anterio-medio-distal lobe presencepresent. Base furrow teeth shape-size promarginalvery small. Base furrow teeth shape-size retromarginalvery small. Claw lengthshort. Eyes: Number eye rowsthree. AERdorsal edge recurve. PERequidistant between anterior and posterior margin of carapace. PER - AER widthPER < AER. AMEseparated of each other. touch each other. ALEseparated from AME. PMEsmall, < 1/3 as ALE. equidistant between ALE & PLE. PLEPLE = ALE. Labium: Lengthlonger than wide. Sternum: Length : width ratio< 2 : 1. Anterior borderwider than Labium. Shapeshield-shaped. Palp: GnathocoxaSerrula present. Corner present. Tibia - retrolateral tibial apophysis - characteristicsretrolateral process - RTA. dorsal serration distinct. base of RTA not or not distinctly wider than distal section. RTA in ventral view medium-sized in width (between 3x longer than broad and 4.5x). RTA medium-sized in length. RTA in retrolateral view more or less parallel with longitudinal axis of palp. RTA in retrolateral view without bent (or just indistinct bent). Tibia - ventral bump - sizemedium-sized (as long or about as long as width of sperm duct). Tibia - ventral bump - characteristicspresent. moderately conspicuous. conspicuous. Cymbium: General shapeelongated. Scopula lengthmoderate or short (covering less than distal 1/2 of dorsal cymbium). Presence of prominent ridges or extensions ventrally absent. Tegulum: Widthtegulum narrower than cymbium. Shape of proximal halfproximal tegulum lobe present. proximal tegulum lobe as such absent. Proximal lobe - positionat retrolateral half of tegulum. Proximal lobe - size rel.medium-sized. Proximal lobe - shaperegularly rounded. Special structureswith (fine) transversal ridge (often at distal half at the area of the border between embolic division and tegulum). Sperm duct - locationoccupying clearly more than retrolateral half and at most 3/4. occupying more than retrolateral 3/4 of tegulum. Sperm duct - shapedouble-stacked S-shaped, with proximal and distal loop equal in size. Median hematodocha - presencepresent. Terminal hematodocha - presencepresent. Embolus: Base positionin prolateral half (or, depending on the size, prolateral 2/3, 3/4, etc.) of tegulum, but not reaching the prolateral margin; at distal section. Base circle sizemedium-sized. Base - special structuresSpecial structures at/ on embolus base absent (except for indistinct ridges or flat bulges that are often recognisable). Arising point5 o´clock-position. 6 o´clock-position. 7 o´clock-position. Direction of distalmost sectionprolatero-distally (with between 11° and 50° angle from longitudinal axis of cymbium). width relation - at arising point - subdistallyat most 2x broader. width relation - subdistally - centrallyfrom > 3/4 to < 1x the width of central section. General structurewith more than 3 longitudinal ridges. without or with 1-3 (at most) longitudinal ridges. medium-sized, between 1/2 and 1x the width of tegulum. with less than 1/2 winding. without distinct embolic lamella over entire embolus length. without apophysis. in ventral view subdistally not narrower or narrower, but not distinctly narrower than proximally (more than 1/7 as broad. quite broad and hose-shaped. Special structuredistally regularly bifurcated. S-shaped. distally distinctly bent retrolaterally. without apohysis (apophyses). Legs: Leg formula3-4-2-1. Tarsal ClawsI: present. II: present. III: present. IV: present. Peculiaritieswith fringe hairs on tibiae and metatarsi of leg III (and legs I-II; but there maybe less distinct). Colourationdark red-brown or brown with few lighter annulations, mainly at proximal articles and tarsi. completely or mainly with dark colour (e.g. dark red-brown) ((hardly with lighter sections, e.g. only tarsi lighter). Opisthosoma: Colourationthree bands; AM broadest; C second broadest, with dark chevron; PM narrowest. Spination pattern: Femur I1-5-0-0. Femur II1-6-0-0. Femur III1-6-0-0. Femur IV1-6-0-0. Patella II1-0-0-0. Patella III1-0-1-0. Patella IV1-0-1-0. Tibia I2-0-2-6. Tibia II3-0-2-5. Tibia III3-1-3-3. Tibia IV3-1-3-4. Metatarsus I2-0-2-4. Metatarsus II2-0-2-4. Metatarsus III3-1-3-4. 4 spine rows. Metatarsus IV4-1-4-4. 4 Spine rows. Ecology: Geographical DistributionSouth America.


Dimensions Body: Total length7.3 mm. Carapace length3.8 mm. Carapace width2.7 mm. Fovea length0.3 mm. Opisthosoma length3.3 mm. Opisthosoma width2.4 mm. Dimensions Clypeus : Height at AME0.43 mm. Height at ALE0.9 mm. Dimensions Eyes : Ocular area width2.2 mm. AME Ø0.69 mm. ALE Ø0.46 mm. PME Ø0.11 mm. PLE Ø0.4 mm. AME<=>ALE 0.06 mm. AME<=>AME PME<=>PME 1.91 mm. PME<=>PLE 0.31 mm. ALE<=>PLE 0.88 mm. PLE<=>PLE 1.64 mm. Dimensions Palp : total length2.8 mm. Femur length1.1 mm. Patella length0.5 mm. Tibia length0.3 mm. Tarsus length0.9 mm. Dimensions Legs: Femur I2.1 mm. Femur II2.1 mm. Femur III2.5 mm. Femur IV2.4 mm. Patella I1.1 mm. Patella II1.2 mm. Patella III1.2 mm. Patella IV1.0 mm. Tibia I1.4 mm. Tibia II1.4 mm. Tibia III1.7 mm. Tibia IV1.6 mm. Metatarsus I1.2 mm. Metatarsus II1.2 mm. Metatarsus III1.8 mm. Metatarsus IV1.9 mm. Tarsus I 0.7 mm. Tarsus II0.7 mm. Tarsus III0.7 mm. Tarsus IV0.8 mm. Leg I6.5 mm. Leg II6.6 mm. Leg III7.9 mm. Leg IV7.7 mm.