Corythalia spiralis (♂,♀) (F. O. PICKARD-CAMBRIDGE, 1901)

MALE

Body: Habitusnormal jumping spider-like. MarkingsOpistosoma with dark or bright spots . basic coloring dark. integument constitutioncovered by clavate setae. Carapace: ColourationLaterally with light bands. Heightrelative high. Lengthlonger than wide. Cephalic arearatio length : thoracic area = 1 : 1. Thoracic foveashort. Clypeus: Ø AME - height Clypeus Ø AME : height Clypeus : > 2:1. Chelicera: Base furrow teeth number retromarginalunidentat. Base furrow teeth number promarginalunidentat. pluridentat. 2 teeth. Base anterio-medio-distal lobe presencepresent. Base furrow teeth shape-size promarginalvery small. Base furrow teeth shape-size retromarginalvery small. Claw lengthshort. Eyes: Number eye rowsthree. AERdorsal edge recurve. PERequidistant between anterior and posterior margin of carapace. PER - AER widthPER < AER. AMEseparated of each other. touch each other. ALEseparated from AME. PMEsmall, < 1/3 as ALE. equidistant between ALE & PLE. PLEPLE = ALE. Labium: Lengthlonger than wide. Sternum: Length : width ratio< 2 : 1. Anterior borderwider than Labium. Shapeshield-shaped. Palp: GnathocoxaSerrula present. Corner present. Tibia - retrolateral tibial apophysis - characteristicsretrolateral process - RTA. dorsal serration absent. base of RTA not or not distinctly wider than distal section. RTA in ventral view very slim. RTA very long (longer than width of tegulum). RTA in retrolateral view more or less parallel with longitudinal axis of palp. RTA in retrolateral view with slight ventral orientation (less than 10° angle). RTA in retrolateral view without bent (or just indistinct bent). Tibia - ventral bump - sizevery short and indistinct. Tibia - ventral bump - characteristicspresent. Cymbium: General shapeelongated. Presence of prominent ridges or extensions ventrally absent. Tegulum: Widthtegulum narrower than cymbium. Shape of proximal halfproximal tegulum lobe present. Proximal lobe - positionat retrolateral half of tegulum. Proximal lobe - size rel.medium-sized. Proximal lobe - shaperegularly rounded. Special structureswith (fine) transversal ridge (often at distal half at the area of the border between embolic division and tegulum). Sperm duct - locationoccupying clearly more than retrolateral half and at most 3/4. Sperm duct - shapedouble-stacked S-shaped, with proximal loop larger than others. Median hematodocha - presencepresent. Terminal hematodocha - presencepresent. Embolus: Base positioncentro-distally (or even retrolatero-distally). Base circle sizeextremely small (width less than 1/4 the width of tegulum). Base - special structuresSpecial structures at/ on embolus base absent (except for indistinct ridges or flat bulges that are often recognisable). Arising point10 o´clock-position. 11 o´clock-position. 12 o´clock-position. Direction of distalmost sectionprolatero-distally (with between 11° and 50° angle from longitudinal axis of cymbium). disto-prolaterally to prolaterally (with at least 51° angle from longitudinal axis of cymbium). width relation - at arising point - subdistallyfrom 2.1x to 2.5x broader. from 2.6x to 4x broader. width relation - subdistally - centrallyfrom > 1/2 to < 3/4 the width of central section. from > 3/4 to < 1x the width of central section. General structurewithout or with 1-3 (at most) longitudinal ridges. very long, more than 1.5x the width of tegulum. with more than 1 1/2 windings . Special structuredistally pointed. distally rounded. tip bent proximo-ventrally. without apohysis (apophyses). Legs: Leg formula3-4-1-2. 3-4-2-1. 4-3-1-2. Tarsal ClawsI: present. II: present. III: present. IV: present. Peculiaritieswith fringe hairs on tibiae and metatarsi of leg III (and legs I-II; but there maybe less distinct). Colourationcompletely or mainly with dark colour (e.g. dark red-brown) ((hardly with lighter sections, e.g. only tarsi lighter). Opisthosoma: Colourationthree bands; C & PM medially interrupted or at least less distinct; C broadest, but still narrow (< 1/6 OL), without d. chevron; PM very narrow, but still slightly broader than AM, hence, O with large dark field occupying large part of anterior half of O. Spination pattern: Femur I1-5-0-0. 1-6-0-0. Femur II1-5-0-0. 1-6-0-0. 1-7-0-0. Femur III1-6-0-0. 2-6-0-0. 2-7-0-0. Femur IV0-5-0-0. 1-6-0-0. Patella II1-0-1-0. Patella III1-0-1-0. Patella IV1-0-1-0. Tibia I3-0-2-4. 4-0-0-4. 4-0-1-4. Tibia II3-0-1-4. 3-0-2-4. 4-0-3-5. Tibia III3-1-3-3. 3-1-3-4. Tibia IV3-1-3-3. 3-1-3-4. Metatarsus I2-0-2-4. 3-1-2-4. Metatarsus II2-0-2-4. 2-1-2-4. Metatarsus III3-1-3-3. 3-1-3-4. 4 spine rows. Metatarsus IV3-1-4-4. 4-0-4-4. 4-1-4-4. 3 Spine rows. 4 Spine rows. Ecology: Geographical DistributionSouth America. North America.

Dimensions

Dimensions Body: Total length4.6 mm - 7.4 mm. Carapace length2.1 mm - 3.2 mm. Carapace width1.8 mm - 2.4 mm. Fovea length0.21 mm - 0.25 mm. Opisthosoma length2.0 mm - 3.3 mm. Opisthosoma width1.7 mm - 2.4 mm. Dimensions Clypeus : Height at AME0.20 mm - 0.35 mm. Height at ALE0.54 mm - 0.78 mm. Dimensions Eyes : Ocular area width1.4 mm - 2.1 mm. AME Ø0.45 mm - 0.59 mm. ALE Ø0.28 mm - 0.36 mm. PME Ø0.08 mm - 0.09 mm. PLE Ø0.27 mm - 0.33 mm. AME<=>ALE 0.05 mm - 0.11 mm. AME<=>AME PME<=>PME 1.32 mm - 1.65 mm. PME<=>PLE 0.23 mm - 0.31 mm. ALE<=>PLE 0.57 mm - 0.78 mm. PLE<=>PLE 1.08 mm - 1.47 mm. Dimensions Palp : total length1.8 mm - 2.6 mm. Femur length0.8 mm - 1.0 mm. Patella length0.2 mm - 0.4 mm. Tibia length0.1 mm - 0.3 mm. Tarsus length0.7 mm - 1.0 mm. Dimensions Legs: Femur I1.2 mm - 2.0 mm. Femur II1.3 mm - 2.0 mm. Femur III1.6 mm - 2.2 mm. Femur IV1.5 mm - 2.3 mm. Patella I0.7 mm - 1.1 mm. Patella II0.7 mm - 1.1 mm. Patella III0.7 mm - 1.0 mm. Patella IV0.6 mm - 1.0 mm. Tibia I0.8 mm - 1.3 mm. Tibia II0.8 mm - 1.3 mm. Tibia III1.0 mm - 1.4 mm. Tibia IV1.0 mm - 1.4 mm. Metatarsus I0.7 mm - 1.1 mm. Metatarsus II0.7 mm - 1.1 mm. Metatarsus III1.1 mm - 1.6 mm. Metatarsus IV1.1 mm - 1.6 mm. Tarsus I 0.5 mm - 0.6 mm. Tarsus II0.5 mm - 0.6 mm. Tarsus III0.6 mm - 0.8 mm. Tarsus IV0.5 mm - 0.7 mm. Leg I3.9 mm - 6.1 mm. Leg II4.0 mm - 6.1 mm. Leg III5.0 mm - 7.0 mm. Leg IV4.7 mm - 6.9 mm.

FEMALE

Body: Habitusnormal jumping spider-like. MarkingsOpistosoma with dark or bright spots . basic coloring dark. integument constitutioncovered by clavate setae. Carapace: ColourationLaterally with light bands. Heightrelative high. Lengthlonger than wide. Cephalic arearatio length : thoracic area = 1 : 1. Thoracic foveashort. Clypeus: Ø AME - height Clypeus Ø AME : height Clypeus : > 2:1. Chelicera: Base furrow teeth number retromarginalunidentat. Base furrow teeth number promarginalunidentat. pluridentat. 2 teeth. Base anterio-medio-distal lobe presencepresent. Base furrow teeth shape-size promarginalvery small. Base furrow teeth shape-size retromarginalvery small. Claw lengthshort. Eyes: Number eye rowsthree. AERdorsal edge recurve. PERequidistant between anterior and posterior margin of carapace. PER - AER widthPER < AER. AMEseparated of each other. touch each other. ALEseparated from AME. PMEsmall, < 1/3 as ALE. equidistant between ALE & PLE. PLEPLE = ALE. Labium: Lengthlonger than wide. Sternum: Length : width ratio< 2 : 1. Anterior borderwider than Labium. Shapeshield-shaped. Palp: GnathocoxaSerrula present. Corner absent. Legs: Leg formula4-3-1-2. Tarsal ClawsI: present. II: present. III: present. IV: present. Colourationcompletely or mainly with dark colour (e.g. dark red-brown) ((hardly with lighter sections, e.g. only tarsi lighter). Opisthosoma: Colourationthree bands; C & PM medially interrupted or at least less distinct; C broadest, but still narrow (< 1/6 OL), without d. chevron; PM very narrow, but still slightly broader than AM, hence, O with large dark field occupying large part of anterior half of O. Epigyne: Field - presencepresent. Field - widthbroader than long. Window - presenceabsent, instead other structures appear, e.g. more or less helical structures. Window - posterior margin - positionnot reaching the epigastric furrow. Copulatory opening - locationlocated centrally or more or less centrally in epigyne. Vulva: blind sac - lengthless than 3x longer than broad. fertilization duct - arising pointcentro-anteriorly. fertilization duct - widthinitial section of fertilisation duct narrow. primary spermatheca - shapeelongated sac-like. primary spermatheca - size rel.no statement possible, as primary spermatheca is not visible through epigynal cuticle or epigynal window(s) is/are absent. primary spermatheca - position(all parts) clearly posterior of secondary spermatheca (in dorsal view with [clearly recognisable] gap between the two). secondary spermatheca - presencepresent. secondary spermatheca - shapetransversally oval. secondary spermatheca - size rel. larger than primary spermatheca. secondary spermatheca - spanspan over both secondary spermathecae longer than span over both primary spermathecae. span over both secondary spermathecae as long as span over both primary spermathecae. secondary spermatheca - orientationtransversally (medio-laterally; with spermathecal head orientated latero-posteriorly). connective duct - initial positionposterio-medially. connective duct - widthmedium-sized (width of secondary spermatheca / width of connective duct < 3, but > 2.5). connective duct - final positionposterio-ventrally. connective duct - shapestraight (or at least approximately straight) longitudinally. connective duct - length rel.very long (length of connective duct / width of primary spermatheca > or equal 2). head of spermatheca - shapevery flat (length < or equal 1/2 x width). head of spermatheca - orientationlatero-anteriorly. Spination pattern: Femur I1-5-0-0. 1-7-0-0. Femur II1-6-0-0. Femur III1-5-0-0. 1-6-0-0. 2-6-0-0. Femur IV0-5-0-0. 0-6-0-0. 1-5-0-0. 1-6-0-0. Patella II1-0-0-0. Patella III1-0-0-0. Patella IV1-0-1-0. Tibia I2-0-0-4. 3-0-0-4. 3-0-0-5. 3-0-0-8. 3-0-2-5. Tibia II3-0-0-4. 3-0-0-5. 3-0-1-5. 3-0-2-5. Tibia III3-0-3-3. 3-1-3-3. Tibia IV3-1-3-3. Metatarsus I2-0-0-4. 2-0-2-4. 2-0-2-8. 2-1-2-4. Metatarsus II2-0-0-4. 2-0-1-4. 2-0-2-4. Metatarsus III3-1-3-4. 3-1-4-4. 4 spine rows. Metatarsus IV3-1-4-4. 4-0-4-4. 4-1-4-3. 3 Spine rows. 4 Spine rows. Ecology: Geographical DistributionSouth America. North America.

Dimensions

Dimensions Body: Total length5.9 mm - 8.6 mm. Carapace length2.7 mm - 3.4 mm. Carapace width2.0 mm - 2.5 mm. Fovea length0.19 mm - 0.25 mm. Opisthosoma length2.6 mm - 4.8 mm. Opisthosoma width1.9 mm - 3.2 mm. Dimensions Clypeus : Height at AME0.22 mm - 0.35 mm. Height at ALE0.54 mm - 0.69 mm. Dimensions Eyes : Ocular area width1.6 mm - 2.0 mm. AME Ø0.51 mm - 0.62 mm. ALE Ø0.31 mm - 0.35 mm. PME Ø0.07 mm - 0.10 mm. PLE Ø0.25 mm - 0.30 mm. AME<=>ALE 0.05 mm - 0.08 mm. AME<=>AME PME<=>PME 1.47 mm - 1.69 mm. PME<=>PLE 0.27 mm - 0.30 mm. ALE<=>PLE 0.67 mm - 0.78 mm. PLE<=>PLE 1.33 mm - 1.55 mm. Dimensions Palp : total length2.1 mm - 2.6 mm. Femur length0.8 mm - 0.9 mm. Patella length0.3 mm - 0.5 mm. Tibia length0.3 mm - 0.4 mm. Tarsus length0.7 mm - 0.8 mm. Dimensions Legs: Femur I1.3 mm - 1.8 mm. Femur II1.3 mm - 1.6 mm. Femur III1.7 mm - 2.0 mm. Femur IV1.7 mm - 2.1 mm. Patella I0.8 mm - 1.0 mm. Patella II0.8 mm - 1.0 mm. Patella III0.8 mm - 1.1 mm. Patella IV0.8 mm - 1.0 mm. Tibia I0.8 mm - 1.1 mm. Tibia II0.8 mm - 1.0 mm. Tibia III0.9 mm - 1.3 mm. Tibia IV1.1 mm - 1.4 mm. Metatarsus I0.7 mm - 0.9 mm. Metatarsus II0.7 mm - 0.9 mm. Metatarsus III1.0 mm - 1.3 mm. Metatarsus IV1.1 mm - 1.5 mm. Tarsus I 0.4 mm - 0.6 mm. Tarsus II0.4 mm - 0.5 mm. Tarsus III0.5 mm - 0.7 mm. Tarsus IV0.5 mm - 0.7 mm. Leg I4.2 mm - 5.2 mm. Leg II4.0 mm - 5.0 mm. Leg III4.9 mm - 6.4 mm. Leg IV5.2 mm - 6.7 mm.